The second part of the material on popular camouflage colors is devoted to some of the most famous American camouflage.
Popular American camouflage colors
Woodland (Woodland) is the most famous and most widely used camouflage color. This four-color "forest" camouflage in green, sand, brown and black was introduced in 1981 by the US Armed Forces. It is based on the earlier ERDL model, developed as early as 1948, and more precisely its later version from 1967, from which it inherits the colors and shape of the figures. What's new in woodland is that the size of the figures is increased by 60%. This gives better camouflage camouflage properties over the long haul but contrasts it and reduces its camouflage properties at close range. This change was made as woodland was intended to be used in European forested terrain, where fighting was expected to take place at a greater distance, as opposed to extremely close jungle fighting during the Vietnam War. Camouflage proves its qualities and was used extensively by the US Armed Forces until 2004, when its phased replacement, which ended definitively in 2014. But today it is still in use by many armies around the world. Woodland is the most copied coloring that has become the basis of many modifications. This print is also most used as a base for the production of camouflage clothing, tactical clothing and other accessories for hunting and outdoor activities
Urban (camouflage) camouflage is an experimental colorway that came in 1990. It has been tested but not accepted by the army. However, it is used by various special police forces around the world (until recently by US SWAT units, and currently by Serbian JSOs). Often, because of its colors, it is confused with winter camouflage, but the idea of urban coloring is to use it in an urban setting. The figures are borrowed from woodland and the colors include black, white, dark and light gray. Camouflage is gaining popularity as the pattern enters the fashion industry for camouflage pants, jackets and T-shirts for hunting, fishing and sportswear for extreme outdoor sports.
6 COLOR DESERT
Six colored desert camouflage of the US Army was introduced in the early 80's and used until 1991. The figure model is tailored to the rocky desert terrain of California. It is a sandy and flesh-colored background overlaying larger figures in two shades of brown and smaller figures ("pebbles") with a black outline painted in dirty white. Camouflage was used in the Sinai teachings, during the Desert Storm and in Somalia. But because it is intended rather for rocky and mountainous terrain, its presentation in the deserts of the Middle East is not satisfactory. It has to be replaced.
3 COLOR DESERT
Three-color desert camouflage was introduced to replace its six-color predecessor. It was used by the US Army from 1992 to 2004, when UCP camouflage was introduced. It is consistent with the characteristics of desert terrains in the Middle East. It consists of beige and earth-brown waves on a sandy background. Camouflage has proven to be very successful and has been adopted by a number of countries in Southwest Asia and other countries. Camouflage coloring was also used by the contingents of the Bulgarian army in Iraq and Afghanistan such as pants, jackets, T-shirts, hats, armored vests, etc.
UCP camouflage (also known as ACUPAT, AT-Digital, digicam, etc.), short for Universal Camouflage Pattern, was introduced by the United States Army in 2004. Following the example of the Marines, the Army also decided to introduce its own digital camouflage. Ultimately, the choice falls on the UCP color scheme. Three colors are used - sandy, gray and greyish. As the name implies, camouflage is expected to be a universal camouflage applied to a variety of terrains. However, the practice shows otherwise. UCP coloring is only effective in urban areas and some rocky terrain. Camouflage is not performing well in any other area, making it the most criticized by the military. Since 2014, the production of army equipment in this color has been stopped. Camouflage is likely to be replaced by either a modification of Multicam or the new A-TACS.